What is PAT Testing? ⚡️

Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) is carried out on electrical appliances which are in use. Electrical appliances should be checked regularly to see if they are still safe to use. A PAT test can identify if an electrical appliance is not safe, either by testing it or by inspecting it. All electrical appliances with a plug and socket should be tested.

Why is it important? ⚠️

Electricity has become a part of our everyday life and we rely on it for almost everything. It can however be the source of extreme danger. If we come into contact with electricity an electrical current can flow though the body which can cause serious injury or death. The effects can vary depending on several factors. It is important to mitigate the risks of electric shocks with good electrical safety measures.

What are the PAT Testing requirements in rental properties? 🏠

There is a clear legal requirement from the duty holder of a property who may be a landlord or letting agent to ensure all electrical equipment including appliances remain in a safe condition when renting a property. One way of doing this is to have PAT testing carried out.


The Scottish Government recommends periodic electrical safety tests. Appliances that fail a PAT test must be replaced or repaired. Landlords or duty holders should ensure electrical tests are carried out before and during the tenancy. A copy of the PAT Test report should be provided to the tenants.

Unsafe Electrical Appliances ❌

Fortunately, most appliances we have tested have been safe for use, although many have failed the PAT Test. The appliance in the image below failed the PAT test as the internal wiring had become exposed which is a potential hazard to the user.

Have you got any stories or experiences with poor electrical appliance safety?

If so, get in touch we would love to hear more 💭